“The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building on the new” (Socrates). Is the ‘change’ successfully reflected on the Web by visitors and residents? I am looking for the answer in the following paragraphs.
An introduction to the segmentation of the digital users was made by Prensky (2001), who identified two categories: natives and immigrants. This was based on the idea that the natives represent a younger group, grown up in the context of an incredible technological progress with emerging innovative technologies, while the immigrants consist of adopters (Prensky, 2001). These notions were a great influence on how educational institutions perceived students and technology.
However, despite still being used in some journal articles or as an excuse for poor or ineffective teaching practices, this distinction is nowadays dead, or at least dying, according to Holton (Articulate 360, n.d.). Thereby, White and Le Cornu (2012) perfected this breaking down in two other categories: visitors and residents. What are their characteristics? Check the following video.
In order to understand people’s engagement with technology, experts developed multiple solutions related to mapping. An interesting approach was taken by Kevin Kelly (Articulate 360, n.d.), who asked a sample of more than 50 people to ‘map their geography of online’. Looking at the results, the following two seemed the most interesting to me.
By watching the Visitors and Residents mapping activity video of David White (2013b), I sketched a version of my personalized digital engagement map. This 2D illustration brings outside some underlying attitudes, showing the way I engage with technology, meeting the purpose of the experiment proposed by the researcher.
Personally, I consider that my version of this map can be divided in three main regions:
- Social media covers a significant part of the area on the upper area of the map, associated with ‘personal’ activities;
- Personal management which is mainly near personal purposes, but predominantly on the visitor side;
- University-related purposes associated with institutional activities and objectives
It is interesting to notice that the bottom-right corner of the map seems the emptiest. This might be the place for the #UOSM2008 module and I will monitor this in the weeks to come.
All in all, my conclusion is that the people that ‘are online’, no matter if they consider themselves visitors, residents or a mix, embraced the technological progress in a successful manner. Thereby, they are consciously trying to build on the new, by cohabiting and achieving their online purposes.
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- Articulate 360 (n.d.) Visitors & Residents. Available from: https://rise.articulate.com/share/8C4YmgHeIOCkwXfn#/?_k=84cx8r [Accessed 11 February 2017].
- Harris, L., Warren, L., Leah, J. and Ashleigh, M. (2016) Small steps across the chasm: Ideas for embedding a culture of open education in the university sector. Available from: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/80397/ [Accessed 11 February 2017].
- Prensky, M. (2001) Digital natives, digital immigrants part 1. On the Horizon, 9 (5), 1–6. Available from: http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf [Accessed 10 February 2017].
- White, D. (2013a) Visitors and residents. YouTube. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0sFBadv04eY [Accessed 10 February 2017].
- White, D. (2013b) Visitors and residents mapping process: The video. Available from: http://tallblog.conted.ox.ac.uk/index.php/2013/06/05/vandrmapping/ [Accessed 11 February 2017].
- White, D. (2013c) Visitors and residents mapping activity. YouTube. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5EyH-JZWtoI [Accessed 11 February 2017].
- White, D.S. and Le Cornu, A. (2012) Visitors and residents: A new typology for online engagement. First Monday, 16 (9). Available from: http://firstmonday.org/article/view/3171/3049%20https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~tefko/Courses/Zadar/Readings/Selwyn%20dig%20natives,%20Aslib%20Proceedings%202009.pdf#p6 [Accessed 10 February 2017].